Pharmaceuticals use refrigeration containers for precise temperature storage. Refrigerated containers, commonly known as reefers, are designed to maintain accurate temperatures through a combination of components and systems:
- Insulation: These containers are well insulated to prevent external temperature fluctuations from affecting the interior. The insulation material helps maintain the desired temperature by reducing the transfer of heat from the external environment.
- Refrigeration Systems: Reefers are equipped with sophisticated refrigeration units. These systems typically consist of compressors, condensers, evaporators, and fans. The compressor compresses a refrigerant gas, increasing its temperature and pressure. The heated gas moves through the condenser, dissipating heat and turning the gas into a high-pressure liquid. This liquid then passes through an expansion valve, where it undergoes a pressure drop, turning into a low-pressure, cool liquid. This cool liquid absorbs heat from the interior of the container and evaporates back into a gas in the evaporator, thus cooling the interior space.
- Temperature Monitoring and Control: These containers are equipped with sensors to monitor the temperature inside the container. The data from these sensors is sent to a control system that adjusts the refrigeration system accordingly to maintain the desired temperature.
- Air Circulation: Fans within the reefer ensure proper air circulation, distributing the cooled air evenly throughout the container. This prevents temperature variations and ensures that all parts of the container maintain a consistent temperature.
- Power Source: Reefers are powered by an external power supply or by an onboard generator set. They can maintain the required temperature as long as they have a continuous and reliable power source.
By integrating these components and systems, refrigerated containers can maintain accurate temperatures, making them crucial for transporting temperature-sensitive goods, including pharmaceuticals, food, and other perishable items over long distances.
For these reasons, maintaining accurate cold storage is not just a matter of quality control but also a critical component in ensuring that medications remain safe and effective from production to patient use.
Learn more about our cold storage products. Check us out – www.portables360.com